There is not enough room in Israel’s prisons to take in the thousands of asylum seekers who refuse to leave Israel, senior Israel Prison Service officials have told the National Security Council. Israel’s detention facility for asylum seekers will be able to house no more than 1,000 more detainees, and no funding has been allocated even for this number.
The asylum seekrs are now housed in two facilities – Holot and Saharonim. The government decided that on March 15, Holot, which is designated an “open facility,” is to be shut down. There are 900 asylum seekers currently at Holot, and it is unclear where they will ago after the facility is closed. There are another 500 asylum seekers being held at the Saharonim detention center, which is full. The Israel Prison Service has made preparations to enlarge the facility quickly to take in another 1,000 detainees, but the work is expected to take about four months and so far no budget has been allocated for it.
Haaretz has learned that security officials are considering not closing down Holot, which can house a total of 1,500 people. However, such a step would require legislation, as well as converting the facility into an actual prison, with the requisite fencing and security equipment – which would also require funding.
According to some assessments, thousands of African asylum seekers are expected to refuse deportation. Even if Holot is turned into a closed prison, and Saharonim is enlarged, the two facilities could hold no more than a total of 3,500 inmates – and that would be possible only after several months of preparations.
The official said it’s likely there will be clashes and provocations at the facility as inmates attempt to put pressure on Israel. “There must be completely different arrangements than there are now, beginning with more manpower, as well as operational and security changes. There are plans, but first of all decisions must be made to provide significant funding.”
The Israel Prison Service has also been instructed by the High Court of Justice to increase space per inmate to 4.5 square meters by the end of this year. That would reduce the capacity of the two facilities to less than 3,500 detainees.
There are currently about 35,000 Eritrean and Sudanese asylum seekers in Israel, and another 5,000 children of asylum seekers.